Rotavirus infection is caused by a pathogen from the family of reoviruses. For the most part, it affects children older than 1 year. Infants under one year of age have the necessary antibodies in their bodies to fight this infection, obtained from their mother’s milk. Rotavirus is most often transmitted by food, through dirty hands, poorly washed infected food. Infection occurs in kindergartens or schools.
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Symptoms of rotavirus in children
The habitat of this pathogen is the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. This explains the symptoms characteristic of various disorders of the digestive system — diarrhea, high fever, vomiting. The same symptoms are observed when infected with cholera bacillus or Salmonella. Therefore, in such cases, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Diet for rotavirus
In order for the prescribed treatment to be effective, it is necessary to follow a diet. Restricting your diet will also reduce your risk of complications. The importance of following a diet during the illness is beyond doubt. However, various experts can find discrepancies in its content. In some sources, it is said about the prohibition of fermented milk products in the acute period of the disease. Explaining this by the fact that these products create a favorable environment for rotavirus. In others, the use of these products is strongly recommended. The bacteria contained in them contribute to recovery, and the amount of lactose is not enough to worsen diarrhea. As a result, this issue should be clarified with your doctor.
During the course of the disease, the child’s appetite is weak. You should not force them to eat. It is difficult for the body to accept and digest even the lightest food. Therefore, the first day you need to give the child water-salt solutions. To do this, you need to purchase the drug «Regidron». Consult your doctor about the dosage and frequency of use. Thus, the child’s body will be able to fight dehydration.
The following days suggest a more complete diet, but only light food should be given. The intake of water-salt solutions must be continued. Here is a list of products that need to be included in the menu:
buckwheat, rice, semolina porridge on water;
jelly on the water;
steamed meat and fish cutlets, chicken broth;
It is necessary to limit the consumption of carbohydrates, so you need to exclude fresh bread, sweets (you can give marmalade). Exclude fresh fruits and vegetables, pickles, and milk from the diet.
Adhering to the treatment prescribed by the doctor and observing the necessary diet, the weakened body of the child will cope with the disease much faster.